文章摘要
周颖,张立鹏,张宝欢,史春涛,白景升.降低一款卧式汽油机机油消耗的试验研究[J].,2020,19(2):153-158
降低一款卧式汽油机机油消耗的试验研究
Experimental Research of Reducing the Oil Consumption In a horizontal gasoline Engine
投稿时间:2017-10-25  修订日期:2017-10-25
DOI:10.13738/j.issn.1671-8097.017171
中文关键词: 机油消耗  卧式汽油机  通风损失  窜机油  试验研究
英文关键词: oil consumption  horizontal gasoline engine  ventilation loss  oil blow-by  experimental research
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
周颖 天津大学内燃机研究所 zhouying_mailbox@163.com 
张立鹏 天津大学内燃机研究所  
张宝欢 天津大学内燃机研究所  
史春涛 天津大学内燃机研究所  
白景升 天津大学内燃机研究所  
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中文摘要:
      针对一款卧式风冷四冲程汽油机,采用试验研究的方法研究了机体表面冷却、曲轴箱体结构、机油注入量、活塞回油孔尺寸、曲轴箱容积等因素对机油消耗的影响。试验发现缸盖罩和机油温度降低6℃,通风损失减少32.5%,窜机油损失减少10%;减低曲轴箱体结构的流动阻力,可减少窜入燃烧室的机油消耗67.5%;在机油注入限值内,稍多的机油量会增加通风损失,但可以减少窜油损失;增大回油孔直径80%,降低窜机油消耗8.75%;曲轴箱注油室容积的增加对机油消耗影响不大。
英文摘要:
      For a horizontal air-cooled four-stroke gasoline engine, such factors as body"s surface cooling, the structure of crankcase, the oil amount, the oil relief hole size and the volume of crankcase impacting on oil consumption were studied by experimental research. It was found that reducing the temperature of cylinder head cover and oil by 6℃ , the oil ventilation loss was reduced by 32.5% and the oil blow-by consumption was reduced by 10%; reducing the flow resistance of the crankcase would lead to reducing oil pumping from crankcase to combustion chamber by 67.5% ; in the range of admitted oil amount, more amount of oil would lead to more oil ventilation loss but less oil blow-by loss; by increasing the oil relief hole diameter by 80%, the oil blow-by consumption was reduced by 8.75% ; the enlarged oiling room of crankcase affected oil consumption weakly.
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