文章摘要
生物质化学链气化联合燃气轮机发电系统模拟
System simulation of biomass chemical looping gasification-gas turbine com-bustion for power generation
投稿时间:2020-03-23  修订日期:2020-05-01
DOI:
中文关键词: 生物质  化学链气化  发电  合成气  过程模拟
英文关键词: biomass  chemical looping gasification  power generation  syngas  process simulation
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(DUT20LAB134,DUT18JC25)
作者单位E-mail
赵琳 大连理工大学能源与动力学院 zhaolin626@mail.dlut.edu.cn 
穆林 大连理工大学能源与动力学院 l.mu@dlut.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      使用Aspen Plus软件对以Fe2O3为载氧体的生物质化学链气化系统进行模拟,分析温度、压力、载氧体与生物质摩尔比、水蒸气与生物质摩尔比等因素对合成气制备的影响;对不同生物质的气化条件进行优化;将气化制得的合成气通入M701F燃气轮机中发电,考察系统的发电效率。结果表明,常压下,不同生物质气化的优化温度均在740℃左右,此时制备的合成气冷煤气效率较高;提高反应压力有利于系统热量自平衡,但合成气的冷煤气效率降低;载氧体与生物质摩尔比的优化值与生物质中氧碳摩尔比呈负相关,且达到优化值时,气化环境中氧碳摩尔比在1.25左右;水蒸气通入气化系统后冷煤气效率可提高15%~20%,主要原因为H2的产量显著增加,通入水蒸气后的气化环境的氧碳比在1.4左右时,制备合成气的冷煤气效率较高;系统的发电效率在30%~37%之间,高于目前生物质发电效率。
英文摘要:
      Biomass chemical looping gasification using Fe2O3 as oxygen carrier was simulated by Aspen Plus process simulation software. The effects of temperature, pressure, molar ratio of oxygen carrier to biomass and mo-lar ratio of steam to biomass on syngas preparation were investigated. The gasification conditions of differ-ent biomass were optimized. Meanwhile, syngas was put into M701F gas turbine and the system efficiency was examined. The results indicated that the optimal gasification temperature for different biomasses is around 740°C under normal pressure. The cold gas efficiency is higher at that temperature. Increasing the pressure is conducive to the heat balance without extra energy. However, the cold gas efficiency is reduced. The optimal molar ratio of oxygen carrier to biomass is negatively related to the molar ratio of oxygen to carbon in the biomass. At the optimal molar ratio, the molar ratio of oxygen to carbon in the gasification environment is about 1.25. After passing steam into the gasification system, the cold gas efficiency is in-creased by 15% ~ 20%, mainly due to the significant increase in H2 yield. The cold gas efficiency is higher when the molar ratio of oxygen to carbon in the gasification environment is about 1.4 after passing steam into system. The power efficiency of the system is in the range of 30%~37%, which is slightly higher than that in current biomass power generation.
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